Psidium guajava L.
Guava, originally from Mexico and Central America, is very common in Brazil and in other tropical areas of the world. Because of its wide diffusion, this fruit is known with different names: goiaba (Portuguese), guayava (Spanish).
Thanks to its aromatic and refreshing taste, it is one of the most popular ingredients of the ice cream and juice industry in Brazil. Besides its very pleasant taste, guava can claim an excellent nutritional value: it can contain extremely high levels of vitamin C (up to 1,044mg per 100g depending on variety, location and treatment after harvest, with average of 200-300mg / 100g typical for very good varieties), vitamin A and lycopene, a strong antioxidant.
Also guava, like açaí and acerola, can claim to be a "superfood" (very high albeit variable level of vitamin C, good content of other vitamins and presence of important antioxidant such as lycopene).
Chemical-Physical and Nutritional average values for 100g
|Values per 100g||NRV* %|
|Energy||31 Kcal - 333 kJ|
|Vitamin C||200,0 mg - 333% RDA|
|Licopene||1,400 mg - 117 RE|
|ORAC||600 µmol TE|
|Values per 100g|
|Total solids||10 g|
|Soluble Solids||8 °Brix|
|Acidity (Citric Acid)||0,5 g|
* NRV = Nutrient Reference Values